Venetian plastering requires just a few tools, depending on which type of Venetian plaster is going to be used, also the total area and complexity of the application.
Tools needed for the application of smooth Venetian Polished Plaster:
Venetian Marmorino or Travertino plastering requires just a few tools, depending on which type of Venetian plaster you choose to use, also the area and complexity of the application.
The composition of Venetian plaster varies, depending on the type of plaster and (of course) the manufacturer’s secret formula.
Polished plaster – Stucco Veneziano is a blend of:
Slaked lime putty (12–24 month-old)
Pozzolans, natural polymers and other natural binders
Slaked lime putty 12 to 24-months old
Marble, Granite or limestone grit (0.3 – 1.2 mm usually)
Pozzolans, Natural polymers and other natural binders
N.B Manufacturers’ formulas for Venetian plasters always vary. There is a different age of lime putty used, a different ratio of lime, marble dust or grit and type/amount of binders used.
Venetian plaster can come in any colour, as offered by your retailer. The base is usually white, but some manufacturers do also stock a transparent base, which looks like an off-white. This transparent base is utilised to achieve deeper colours.
Venetian plaster can be coloured yourself or by your Venetian plaster retailer if they offer that service.
Colouring can be done by using a liquid mix of powdered pigments.
Venetian plaster can be manufactured with a metallic shimmer, mostly gold, silver or bronze.
When the last coat of Venetian Plaster gets to a stage when it’s just starting to dry, it can be polished with the edge of a Venetian Plaster trowel in a straight or curved motion, in any direction.
This stage is called burnishing.
There are differences between burnishing different types of Venetian plasters.
Venetian Polished Plaster
The final coat of polished plaster should be applied on top of a fully dried second coat, in an extremely thin layer so that it will dry out rapidly, to ensure a speedily burnished finish.
The last coat (could be second or third) of this type of Venetian plaster is usually applied wet-on-wet, which means that the previous coat is still partially wet. In this method, the final coat of Venetian plaster should be compressed onto the previous one to create a smooth or smooth-and-shiny surface. If you cannot see an improvement at certain spots that means those parts are still too wet, so you should wait a while and come back to them later. Keep going over it till you hear a sound like a metal blade scratching a stone surface …
It may seem like hard work, but do not underestimate the burnishing process if you’d like to have your Venetian Plaster surfaces really beautiful, smooth, and shiny.
Afterwards, when the Venetian Plaster is completely dry, you can use a water-based, synthetic, or acrylic wax to enhance and protect the look of your hard work. But do remember, the wax will make your Venetian plaster very glossy only if your burnishing result is really sound.
Very much depends on the individual client’s experience in that field.
Proper understanding and correct execution of Venetian plaster require some time depending on the individual, just as any other specialist job.
You need to understand the type of substrate upon which you want to apply the Venetian plaster.
You must consider whether Venetian plaster is suitable for that specific area of the house.
You should understand the method/s of applying the specific type of Venetian plaster you would like to use.
As there are many different types of Venetian plasters, there are certain differences in application.
There are many specialists in this field claiming years of experience, but their applications may be very poor.
On other hand, there are talented DIY people we have come across with beautiful results in Venetian plastering.
At the end of day, it’s all about whether the customer is satisfied with the final result or not.
Yes, in general, but you must create a bond between the existing paint and the Venetian plaster.
Most of the cases you would come across involve emulsion paint.
If that’s the case, you will use recommended acrylic primer from your Venetian plaster retailer.
Make sure the paint is not peeling, dusty or mouldy. If so, then it will require other procedures to correct it.
Remove, scrape off or sand down old peeling paint, and kill existing mould with a specialist product.
If you have old, non-absorbent paint on your wall, then you should sand your wall with 60 or 80 grid sandpaper to create a good key, and then apply a primer for non-absorbent surfaces.
After that primer has dried, then use a standard acrylic primer.
Please do not try to use any old primer you find in your garden shed left by your builder …
Always take advice for a recommended primer and its correct dilution from your Venetian plaster retailer.
Using the right primer saves asking the question: Why is my Venetian Plaster peeling?
Yes, it does.
There are various reasons behind the cracking of Venetian plaster.
To rectify these factors we need to act on them immediately.
Structural movement of whole brick or block wall due to the settling of a new foundation
Essentially, to rectify these problems we should usually take practical advice on the cause. If the substrate is fundamentally faulty, then we may need to remove the plaster and reapply the entire surface again. We must first diagnose the depth of the plaster cracks to ascertain what is required to fix the situation effectively.
As we can see, most Venetian Plaster cracking is not related to the Venetian Plaster product itself or its application, but to the lack of substrate preparation in general.
Polished plaster is a type of Venetian Plaster also known as Stucco Veneziano, Stucco Lucido, or Lucidato.
Polished Plaster is a mix of Slaked lime putty, Marble dust, and natural binders
Polished Plaster is high gloss, usually interior wall finish which is applied by hand on a wall in a specific pattern. Application is typically done in three coats but is not uncommon to apply even more coats – up to 7. Wax is used for protection and enhancing the overall look.
These Venetian Plasters are a mix of Slaked lime putty, Marble dust, Marble grit or other type of crushed stone, together with natural binders
Marmorino is a type of Venetian Plaster for interior and exterior (always check with manufacturer). Marmorino can be fine, medium or large grit.
Intonachino is usually grittier than Marmorino mostly used for exteriors.
In general, people should not be confused by names of products which are in many cases misleading but focus on the technical specifications of a particular product and the look that can be achieved with that product.
Venetian plaster, particularly Marmorino Venetian plaster can be successfully used for walls in wet areas such as bathrooms or swimming pools.
Marmorino is not waterproof on its own, but with the combination of Stucco Sealer and Wax D’Arte, a substantial level of water resistance can be achieved. Marmorino Venetian plaster is a natural highly breathable lime-based product with considerable resistance to mould, algae and mildew. It responds to humidity and condensation in the house and does not erode or start to disintegrate or stain.
For bathroom applications, the ideal substrate for Marmorino to be applied on would be an anti-crack system with a fibreglass mesh, applied over either natural lime plaster, cement board, Aqua panels or Wedi board.
For optimum protection, a couple of coats of Stucco Sealer should be applied by foam roller.
Once the second coat has dried, apply some Wax D’Arte by cloth and polish using a Lambswool bonnet. Your walls could be protected by a further coat of Wax D’Arte after a few years, depending on domestic usage.
Polished Venetian Plaster such as High Gloss Polished Lime Plaster (Stucco Veneziano or Stucco Lucidato) is a highly breathable plaster that is not waterproof on its own.
Polished plaster with wax protection can be used indoors in areas with increased humidity levels, such as bathrooms or swimming pools without direct contact with water.
If you plan to use Polished plaster for a shower corner, bathroom basin splashback or similar areas, the best policy is to use Marmorino plaster with compressed polished plaster in it.
Yes. Lime-based Venetian plaster is definitely a good choice for chimney breasts, and around wood stoves, as it can resist the heat.
However, it is not recommended much for inside areas of fireplaces with open fires, as cleaning could be more difficult.
Vertical areas around a wood stove should be covered by a fire-resistant board covered by an anti-crack system prior to any Venetian plaster application.
Neither is wax recommended for protection for a vertical area around a wood stove but the outside part of the chimney breast can be protected by it.
Using Venetian Plaster in a bathroom is the healthiest and most environmentally friendly option you can find.
Lime-based Venetian Plaster is highly breathable, easily dealing with the varying humidity in a bathroom. This everlasting finish has a great advantage as opposed to modern products, as it has intrinsic anti-mould and anti-algae properties.
The answer is Yes, considering surface areas and usage of furniture.
In general, Venetian Plaster can be applied on MDF substrate by using an appropriate primer first.
If it comes to a single piece of MDF (preferably green – moisture resistant) ie. in the context of straight surfaces without any joints or corners, the application is quite simple.
However, if we have to plaster over joints or screws which are sunk into the wood, then preparation requires an anti-crack coat that is already thicker than Venetian Plaster itself, so that usually needs professional attention.
Venetian Plaster can be used on horizontal surfaces such as counters, desks, and tables, but ideally should be protected by a sheet of glass. That is the best way to protect horizontal Venetian Plaster against any excessive heat, splashes, or scratches which may occur.
It depends on what the countertop is normally used for. In theory, you can use it, but it’s advised to protect Venetian Plaster with a piece of glass.
Any Venetian plasters could become scratched or stained over time as they are not excessively hard. Horizontal surfaces tend to get a lot of wear & tear and may have residual fluids sitting on them for extended periods.
Microcement could be a much longer-lasting option.
The direct application of Venetian Plaster over drywall has a high risk of future cracking. This very much depends on stud work structure.
To proceed with the application of Venetian Plaster, an Anti-crack coat should be created first. In the case of an external corner of the room, there should be plastic corner beads with a mesh used. Do not use galvanized beds with lime-based products as those react to lime.
Absolutely! Lime-based Venetian plaster is an anti-flammable product. That’s why it’s used for chimney breasts around traditional wood stoves and any similar scenario with a potential steep temperature rise.
Lime Venetian Plaster has a British Fire Classification of O.
Natural Lime-based Venetian Polished plaster is a manually-applied decorative plaster which is incomparable to any other wall covering. Natural Polished Plaster’s properties are superlative and have no match in the world of modern decor.
They feature the following benefits:
These features make Polished Plaster the No.1 option in High-end decoration.
Venetian Polished plaster or Venetian Marmorino plaster with constituent fine marble grit can definitely be sanded.
But in general, Venetian Marmorino or Travertino plaster is NOT recommended for sanding because of its coarser marble grit content.
The final finish after sanding will most likely not be the overall look you expected.
1.1 Cleaning Light Marks
The quickest and simplest way of removing small areas of surface grime and finger marks is to rub the affected area with a rubber eraser. The eraser will remove all but the most stubborn surface marks without affecting the surface of the plaster in any way.
Larger areas will need to be cleaned with soapy water. First, damp down the wall with just water but try not to disturb the dirt. When the wall is lightly wet, then clean it with a mixture of water and mild detergent. Wetting the wall first will minimise the amount of dirty water absorbed into the surface.
Never use acid-based cleaners for this process, as they may cause permanent damage to the walls.
Once the surface is clean and left to dry overnight, re-wax and polish as required.
1.2 Cleaning Scuff Marks
If the surface of the plaster has been scuffed with a shoe or plastic item and cannot be removed with a pencil rubber, try the following method:
Take ordinary masking tape and press it firmly onto the affected area and then pull directly off. Repeat this process 2 or 3 times or until the mark has been removed.
1.3 Stubborn Marks
If you are unable to remove any mark using a pencil rubber or masking tape, it may be necessary to lightly sand the surface in the affected area. Sand the surface lightly with 600 grit sandpaper followed by 1000 to 4000 grit to bring back the polish.
Do not sand heavily in a small area as this may cause a dip and try to avoid sanding too far into the surface as this will expose a greater amount of marble grain and affect the pattern.
Re-apply appropriate wax, polish and buff up the surface.
Always think of the future maintenance of Venetian Plaster before you decide. Venetian Plaster for exterior use is usually Intonachino, but there is a range of Marmorino or Travertino also suitable.
Venetian Plaster is traditionally Italian lime-based decorative plaster to cover walls and ceilings for interiors and exteriors.
There are numerous types of finishes used, starting from extra smooth and glossy, smooth and matt, pitted, dragged, scratched – and many combinations.
Applications used for Venetian Plaster could be in two, three, or more coats depending on what needs to be created. Some coats are created on top of a previous dry coat called ‘wet on dried’; others are applied onto a semi-wet previous coat which is called ‘wet on wet’.
The cost of application very much depends on the type of application, the number of coats, and the type of Venetian Plaster used.
The price range for application only can easily be between £50–150 per square metre.
Never underestimate the skills of a craftsman – who is the most important element of the whole project.
Yes, but only if your applicator makes it textured.
Most Venetian plasters can be applied as smooth-textured.
Please find out from your Venetian Plaster applicator exactly what they are capable of creating.
The best Venetian Plaster is the one that meets most of your criteria.
Try to answer the following:
After answering these questions, Impera Italia can give you accurate advice.
Venetian Plaster thickness vary as we use different types and applications:
There are applications of Venetian plasters which exceed these thicknesses in certain cases.
1.1 Cleaning Surface Dirt and Grime
Add a small quantity of liquid detergent or soap to a bucket of warm water and clean the surface with a soft cloth. After cleaning, rinse the surface with clean water. Rinsing is best done using a garden mist sprayer (for small areas) or a low-pressure water hose (for larger areas). Where possible blot the wall dry with an absorbent towel or sponge.
Rinsing and drying the wall is an important part of the process, otherwise, the solution of dirt and detergent will just dry back onto the wall.
Never use any acid-based bleaches or strongly coloured cleaning compounds. Acrylic Metallic paints will be unaffected by mild detergents but may soften slightly with prolonged cleaning.
Aggressive cleaning can affect the surface of the product
Venetian Plaster usually stands for smooth shiny decorative plaster. The final appearance is achieved by an applicator. Some Plasters can be polished to a high gloss, others just to a gentle sheen.
Some Venetian Plasters can be left matt, or be brought to a matt appearance by sanding them back.
In general, wax can be used to enhance and protect most Venetian Plasters.
Venetian Plaster application is the semi-artistic expression of a master applicator.
Because most people do not understand what Venetian Plaster should look like, the price per square metre can vary. What shall we consider?
*The most important factor of application is the applicator himself.
The experience of a craftsman can supply a customer with the correct advice prior to making a final decision.
The talent and skills of a professional can make a stunning look from even average quality plaster. So that what you are actually paying for is not really the application of this many or that many square metres.
You are paying for a guaranteed look and refined artisan skills. Paying hundreds of pounds for materials can end up an ecological disaster on your walls, without your even knowing.
Remember, the price you pay will be forgotten after a while, but you will be enjoying the art on your walls for decades at least. So, whether a figure between £50-150 per sqm is either too low or too high, you will see only after the job is done.
We hope this helps!
Yes, if we deal with lime-based Venetian plasters which have a high level of breathability.
There are numbers of protectors and enhancers out there for Venetian Plasters which very likely reduce or even stop its breathability.
Please speak to your Venetian Plaster specialist for advice before you make your decision.
Yes, Venetian Plaster is washable as far as dust, dirt oils, or grease doesn’t get through the protective surface, which is usually wax.
Please see: How to maintain Venetian Marmorino Plaster for general instructions.
This depends on what level and kind of dirt we are dealing with. Also on which protector has been used on the Venetian Plaster.
Please see: How to maintain Venetian Marmorino Plaster for general instructions.
This is a never-ending debate.
Stucco is the Italian term for plaster, Stucco Veneziano stands for Venetian plaster.
Usually, stucco will be a grittier plaster, whereas Venetian Plaster is finer.
There are many types of Stucco, just as there are many types of Venetian Plaster.
So, both terms are very generic.
For proper comparison, we need these two specific names.
Yes, in general.
Just as there are many types of Venetian plaster, there are many types of mica powder. So, make sure your mica isn’t too large for your fine plaster. If you decide to add, then do this only for the last coat. Otherwise, you would be wasting it.
You have to understand what is making your plaster waterproof.
Either there is a waterproofing agent in the plaster or waterproofing is applied over the surface of the plaster.
In this way, you can make any type of plaster waterproof.
Yes, but not directly.
Nothing will just crack by itself.
There is always a reason behind it. The most common reasons are the following:
If you accidentally hit a Microcement surface with a sharp object, it may only chip but not crack.
Microcement is a system that is made up of various coats.
Some systems come with leveling coats, some with an anti-crack coat, and others without these.
Some areas are simple, while some surfaces are very complex with many internal and external corners, and upstand windows and all these obstacles require individual attention such as a special beading setting, which will slow the whole process of application down.
Eventually, the size of the project matters very much.
So, the cost of the application could be between £100-150 sqm. with materials included.
Wow – which type of tiles?
In general, the cost of materials for Microcementing is less than for decent tiles, adhesive and grout together.
However, the labour costs for Microcement application tend to be dearer than tiling.
So, what is the better deal? Let’s compare it.
Tiles are available as cheap factory products, medium-priced or handmade expensive pieces.
Of course, if you love horizontal and vertical lines, then you’d better stick to the tile alternative.
At the end of the day, your decision is a question of taste.
So, the final answer is: YES and NO
Yes, if you compare it to emulsion bathroom paint or PVC liner.
No, if compared to handmade Italian tiles.
In both cases, Microcement gives you either a contemporary or traditional look incomparable to any of those finishes.
Each square inch of Microcement surface is an ORIGINAL!
Yes, Microcement is waterproof. The part of the Microcement system which is waterproof is the top two layers of acrylic-urethane resin.
Remember, every manufacturer has their own way of making their Microcement waterproof.
Everybody is free to purchase their Microcement from any place they like, but you may find it helpful if your supplier can offer:
*Impera Italia can offer all these privileges.
In theory you can use it outdoors as well, preferably on walls rather than the floor.
Please make sure your substrate is not going to absorb any humidity from underneath which could cause future deterioration of the Microcement.
The ideal substrate would be an Aqua-panel board.
Yes, with sufficient prep-work:
– Check if tiles are not moving/unstable – if so, they must be removed
– Use angle grinder with a diamond blade to get a proper key, especially on smooth tiles
– Use only a primer suitable for non-absorbent substrates
– Use any tile adhesive to level any larger imperfections, or make a levelling coat of Zero Level plaster
… NOW you can go ahead with your full Microcement Wall and Floor system
Certainly, when you have a few plastering skills, with the right instructions, and a touch of common sense.
Of course, the speed of progress will be no match for Microcement specialists, but you can achieve very good results.
Yes, in theory. But you should know how that particular bathtub will be used.
Definitely, there will be a lot of extra steps added, many fiddly details to sort out and the final result may not be as expected.
We always ask – is it worth it?
Yes, you can. Multi-finish plaster is an ideal substrate for decorative plasters or Microcement for non- humid areas. Multi-finish Plaster must be fully dried.
Knowing what is behind the plaster is always helpful. In that sense we can make the right decision on anti-crack options.
Please speak to your supplier for appropriate advice.
Yes, you can,
It’s very important to know how the plasterboard has been attached and how possible studwork has been erected.
If all has been built to your requirements, you have to use a Wall and Floor system with anti-crack components.
Not to our knowledge.
Part of the Microcement system that gives you a concrete look is a plaster-lookalike component which should be applied by trowel or spatula. You would not achieve much progress using a brush or roller.
Impera Italia is the one stop shop to view, to obtain accurate advice, to get trained, and to buy the right type of Microcement for your project.
That is a task for heavy machinery if you would like to remove it completely.
Sometimes is easier just to scratch the surface to get a key and plaster it over.
This decision very much depends on what would be the next step.
Microcement can last easily dozens of years, being very easy to maintain, all depending on type and frequency of usage.
Microcement is usually applied by Microcement specialist, but many tradesmen or DIY do also get trained to get the skills.
Microcement is a technical system, so you do not need to be especially talented to be able to achieve a great result.
In general, you must follow a process of application with understanding whole picture.
Microcement wall is usually a feature wall covered with a Microcement system to create a concrete look.
It is not uncommon to see Microcement in other colours.
Microcement can be protected by Matt, Satin, or Gloss protector products.
Microcement flooring is floor covered by a Microcement system.
You can use a Microcement system on absorbent and non-absorbent substrates.
The ideal substrate is a concrete slab or screed which has been fully matured.
Options for protectors are Gloss, Satin, or Matt.
The BEST Microcement product is the one that meets most of your criteria at an affordable price.
Impera Italia is offering a top quality Microcement system called Continuo.
This Microcement system can be used with an anti-crack coat or without it.
Protection which is offered with this system comes as Matt, Satin, or Gloss.
Microcement gives you a much warmer feeling than any type of tiles and a more refreshing feeling then wooden flooring.
That’s a good one, isn’t it?
The BEST brand to be with regarding Microcement is the one that meets your expectations:
These are the reasons why Impera Italia deals with Continuo Microcement from San Marco Colorificio.
Yes, you can repair a Microcement surface to a certain extent.
If it comes to chipped corners or little holes from fallen sharp objects, then repair is simple.
Cracks need different attention. Cracks can have a natural look or can be straight. This can help us to identify why they appeared. Without understanding the cause of the cracks, we cannot repair them permanently.
Hairline cracks can be filled with resin protectors only.
Another way to repair a crack is to mix a bit of Microcement coloured material and push or brush it into a crack. Then apply Link mixture with a pencil brush, coating it over with the relevant protector twice.
All coats must be applied with due attention to their drying times.
Larger cracks can be channeled and filled with repair-type resin. Once completely dried, apply the microcement system with or without anti-crack, either locally or over the whole area again.
The whole procedure must be discussed in advance with a client to understand the cost involved.
The best way to deal with cracks is to prevent them by doing the preparation work conscientiously.
External application of lime-based plaster can be sealed with a few coats of limewash to keep 100% breathability, using the product Decorfilm to protect the surface.
Using a PVA as a bonding agent with Lime plaster is not the best idea. The PVA is very likely to re-emulsify in the presence of dampness, which will affect the bonding of the lime plaster to the originating substrate.
The best solution to create a faux concrete wall is to apply Concrete Paint from Impera Italia.
To create a concrete look, begin with one coat of Concrete Paint primer.
As soon as the primer is dried, apply a coat of Concrete Paint by roller. When this first coat is fully dried apply another coat and flatten it when has dried a little.
Use an optional protector for easier maintenance.
A concrete wall effect is a simulated effect on a wall resembling concrete.
The easiest way to create it is to use Concrete Paint from Impera Italia. Literally, zero skills are required to achieve an authentic concrete look.
Faux concrete is a concrete-look effect that can be created by using lime or acrylic plaster or paint.
Plaster application always requires more skills and experience.
Lime plasters such as Venetian Stucco, Marmorino, Travertino or Intonachino have the advantage of being breathable, sustainable and suitable for eco-living. Many lime plasters can be used for exterior surfaces as well.
Paints are usually easier to apply.
Concrete Paint from Impera Italia is an environmentally friendly product suitable for both DIY users and professionals.
This revolutionary easy-to-apply product helps DIY users to create beautiful faux concrete.
Plaster effect can be created by Concrete Paint from Impera Italia.
A simple 2-coat roller application onto smooth primer gives you an environmentally friendly, breathable, anti-algae, anti-mold plaster look.
Suitable for DIY and professionals.
Yes, Concrete Paint that resembles concrete will create a concrete effect on your wall without shrinking your space.
Concrete Paint is lime-based and has anti-algae, anti-mould properties, and is fully breathable.
The easiest way to make a fake concrete wall is to use Concrete Paint from Impera Italia.
This is a 100% eco-friendly, breathable and lime-based product.
A coat of a primer, two coats of concrete paint applied by a medium-pile roller. The second coat of Concrete Paint can be flattened with a spatula or trowel.
Lime-based Concrete Paint can be used to create an authentic stone effect.
Apply a coat of smooth or gritty primer by roller and let it dry fully for a couple of hours.
Apply a second coat after a couple of hours in the same way.
When the second coat has set a little, smooth the surface with a spatula or Venetian plastering trowel to create your desired effect.
More info at https://www.imperaitalia.com/product/concrete_paint/
A concrete wall finish is a wall effect that is usually created by a specialist to imitate industrial design.
Colours used in concrete effect are predominantly grey, so if you enjoy 50 Shades of Grey that finish is for you !
Concrete Paint from Impera Italia can help you to create this effect in an easy way.
Cement is usually a powder-form product in grey colour. So, any powder-form paint in grey has a cement look, I guess.
What probably most people mean is a paint which they can use to create a concrete wall look.
In that case, Impera Italia can offer Concrete Paint which is the right product for this job.
Breathable, anti-mould, anti-algae, it’s a natural product with easy application popular even with DIY users.
A faux concrete wall can be created easily using Concrete Paint from Impera Italia.
Simple roller application makes this product very popular among DIY professionals.
All you need is some primer, Concrete Paint, a medium-pile roller, and a spatula or trowel.
Of course, some dust sheets and masking tape are helpful.
Start with a coat of primer.
After a couple of hours apply the first coat of Concrete Paint.
Apply a second coat of concrete paint after a couple of hours and when the paint has set a little, create your desired effect using a spatula or trowel.
We do not believe that is possible.
Basically, concrete is a man-made product and stone is made by nature.
What we can offer is a Concrete Paint which helps you to create following:
Simply by using Concrete Paint.
Impera Italia has created this product to imitate the concrete look and other industrial styles.
Easy application with natural breathability is suitable for healthy living and DIY users.